Hao Blong Toktok bislamA smol -
how to speak a bit of bislama
Vanuatu is known as the country with the most languages spoken per capita in the entire world!
Due to a long history of inter-island and inter village trading, many Ni-Vanuatu speak numerous languages. However, over 113 distinct languages and many more dialects are found throughout the many islands.
When Europeans arrived, a lingua franca evolved. Its name, Bislama, derived from the Beche-de-mer (sea cucumber) traders who developed a form of Pidgin English throughout the Pacific. It began as a simplified form of phonetic English, with Spanish and French colloquialisms added for good measure.
As with all languages, it soon took on a life of its own; borrowing and incorporating new words and evolving over time. Today, although similar to Solomon and New Guinea pidgin, it is nevertheless distinctive.
Bislama, though phonetically English with a broad accent, is grammatically simpler. Everything, including women, is spoken of in the masculine. Being a simpler language means that complex ideas or new concepts must be described functionally. The results are descriptions and stories that can be a great deal longer rather than if told in English.
Spoken Bislama is relatively easy to understand if the speaker is slow and enunciates the phrases. Written Bislama is also relatively easy to comprehend.
However, in the same way that a Welsh barman may have no trouble in understanding spoken English, an Australian or American may have great difficulty understanding the barman due to a strong accent.
There are some key words that are used in most sentences:
It is used in reference to any noun which has a possessive relationship with any other noun.
- Pikikini blong mi: This child belongs to me
- Laet blong trak: The truck light
- Finga blong tri: The branches of a tree
- Bras blong tut: Toothbrush
Long: From, to, in, on
It is used in association with something, but not in a possessive sense.
- Pikinini i go long skul: The child goes to school
- truk i kam long hotel: The vehicle came from a/the hotel
- tri i foldaon long trak: A tree fell down on a/the vehicle
In vocabulary, most object groupings are simplified. Thus, all motorised vehicles are ‘truks’, all birds are ‘pidjins’ and all creatures in the sea are ‘fis’.
To distinguish the differences in these groupings, their relationship to size or the environment is used, or a description is given, rather than a distinctive name:
- Bigfala trak: Large truck or car
- Smol trak: Small car
- Pidgin blong solwota: Bird from the sea (seagull)
- Pidjin blong bus: Bird from the bush
- Kaofis: Cow fish (dugong)
- Fis i gat naef long tel blong hem: The fish that has a knife on his tail (surgeon fish)
Personal pronouns are simplified: I, me, myself, becomes simply mi:
- Mi kam long Vanuatu: I have come to Vanuatu
- Trak blong mi: This is my truck/car
- Mi wan nomo mi go long holidei: I'm going by myself on holiday
- Mi kam long holidei wetem famili blong mi: I'm on holiday with my family
For everyday use, you will come across the following words or phrases:
Wan/Tu/Tri - One/Two/Three
Mi/Yu - Me/You
Hem/Hemia - Him/Her/It/This Here
Mifala/Mifala Evriwan - Us/We/All Of Us
Olgeta - They/Them
Yu/Yufala - You/You guys
Dei/Sava/Naet - Day/Evening/Night
Wanem/Wanem Ia? - What/What Is That?
From wanem? - Why/Why Did You?
Wota/Freswoto/Kolwota/Solwota - Water/Drinking Water/Cold Water/Ocean
Plis - Please
Tankiu Tumas - Thank You Very Much
Sori/Sori Tumas - Sorry/Very Sorry
Hamas (Long Hem)? - How Much (Is That)?
Yu Save? - Do You Know?
Mi No Save - I Do Not Know/Understand
Yu Save Tekem Mi Long Vila? - Can You Take Me To Vila?
Mi Glad Tumas - I Am Very Happy
Lukim Yu - See You Later
Ale Bai Mi Go Nao - I Am Going Now